3 years ago

Analysis of changes in volatile constituents and expression of genes involved in terpenoid metabolism in oleocellosis peel

Oleocellosis is a serious physiological disorder in citrus fruit that mainly results in appearance and quality deterioration. It has been well established that the occurrence of oleocellosis is highly correlated with the release of peel oil from citrus fruit, while there is little information on the dynamic changes in the content of the volatile constituents and the expression of genes involved in terpenoid metabolism during oleocellosis development. In the present research, large changes in the volatile profiles and gene expression in terpenoid metabolism were observed in oleocellosis peels compared to healthy ones. Among volatiles, the decreased contents of α-pinene, d-limonene, β-myrcene, linalool, β-caryophyllene, α-terpineol, nonanal, neryl acetate and (−)-carvone played a major role in these changes. For gene expressions in terpenoid metabolism, the up-regulated genes aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD+) (ALDH) and the down-regulated genes β-caryophyllene synthase 1 (BCS1), α-terpineol synthase 2 (TES2) and myrcene synthase (MS) were the main differences in oleocellosis peels.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0308814617316199

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