3 years ago

Evans Enolates: Structures and Mechanisms Underlying the Aldol Addition of Oxazolidinone-Derived Boron Enolates

Evans Enolates: Structures and Mechanisms Underlying the Aldol Addition of Oxazolidinone-Derived Boron Enolates
Zirong Zhang, David B. Collum
The soft enolization of an acylated oxazolidinone using di-n-butylboron triflate (n-Bu2BOTf) and trialkylamines and subsequent aldol addition was probed structurally and mechanistically using a combination of IR and NMR spectroscopies. None of the species along the reaction coordinate show a penchant for aggregating. Complexation of the acylated oxazolidinone by n-Bu2BOTf was too rapid to monitor, as was the subsequent enolization with Et3N (triethylamine). The preformed n-Bu2BOTf·Et3N complex, displaying muted Lewis acidity and affiliated tractable rates, reveals a rate-limiting complexation via a transition structure with a complicated counterion. n-Bu2BOTf·i-Bu3N bearing a hindered amine shifts the rate-limiting step to proton transfer. Rate studies show that the aldol addition with isobutyraldehyde occurs as proffered by others.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b01365

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b01365

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