3 years ago

Elucidation of the Cryptic Methyl Group Epimerase Activity of Dehydratase Domains from Modular Polyketide Synthases Using a Tandem Modules Epimerase Assay

Elucidation of the Cryptic Methyl Group Epimerase Activity of Dehydratase Domains from Modular Polyketide Synthases Using a Tandem Modules Epimerase Assay
David E. Cane, Chaitan Khosla, Ashish Garg, Xinqiang Xie
Dehydratase (DH) domains of cryptic function are often found in polyketide synthase (PKS) modules that produce epimerized (2S)-2-methyl-3-ketoacyl-ACP (acyl carrier protein) intermediates. A combination of tandem equilibrium isotope exchange (EIX) and a newly developed Tandem Modules Epimerase assay revealed the intrinsic epimerase activity of NanDH1 and NanDH5, from modules 1 and 5, respectively, of the nanchangmycin (1) PKS as well of NigDH1, from module 1 of the nigericin (3) PKS. Unexpectedly, all three epimerase-active DH domains were also found to possess intrinsic dehydratase activity, whereas the conventional DH domains, EryDH4, from module 4 of the erythromycin synthase, and NanDH2 from module 2 of the nanchangmycin synthase, were shown to have cryptic epimerase activity.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b05502

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b05502

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