5 years ago

Evidence for the polyphyly of Encoelia and Encoelioideae with reconsideration of respective families in Leotiomycetes

Kadri Põldmaa, Hans-Otto Baral, Heidi Tamm, Kadri Pärtel


This study focuses on the genus Encoelia and the subfamily Encoelioideae in the morphologically and ecologically diverse Helotiales. The 28S and 18S rDNA as well as tef1, rpb1 and rpb2 were sequenced for 70 species. Phylogenetic analyses revealed Encoelia and Encoelioideae to be highly polyphyletic, with species distributed among eight major lineages. Encoelia fascicularis and E. pruinosa belonged to Sclerotiniaceae and were combined in a new genus, Sclerencoelia. Rutstroemiaceae comprised E. tiliacea and Dencoeliopsis johnstonii, both accepted in Rutstroemia. The type of Encoelia, E. furfuracea, was closely related to species of Velutarina, Cenangiopsis and Crumenulopsis. These species together with members of Hemiphacidiaceae formed a clade conforming to the emended concept of Cenangiaceae, introduced here. Another resurrected family, Cordieritidaceae, comprised E. fimbriata, E. heteromera and species of Ameghiniella, Cordierites, Diplocarpa and Ionomidotis, characterised by inamyloid asci and a positive ionomidotic reaction. Encoelia glauca showed closest affinities with Chlorociboria species in Chlorociboriaceae. A new genus, Xeropilidium, with sporodochial and pycnidial synanamorphs, was described for the distinct encoelioid member of the Chaetomellaceae, previously known as E. fuckelii. Morphological and ecological synapomorphies were distinguished from convergent characters to delimit monophyletic taxa including encoelioid fungi. Incorporation of public sequences from various biological samples in ITS rDNA analyses allowed identification of sequenced organisms at species, genus, or family level and added information on the ecology of seversal taxa. Members of Cenangiaceae appeared to be widespread as endophytes. Inclusion of encoelioid genera in Chaetomellaceae and Sclerotiniaceae added xylicolous saprotrophs to these families.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13225-016-0370-0

DOI: 10.1007/s13225-016-0370-0

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.