3 years ago

Temporal Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Beef Cattle Feedlot Manure after a Simulated Rainfall Event.

Willis, Waldrip, Casey, Todd, Parker, Webb
Nitrous oxide (NO) is a greenhouse gas (GHG) emitted from agricultural operations. The objective of this research was to quantify NO-N emissions from simulated open-lot beef cattle feedlot pens after rainfall. A recirculating-flow-through, non-steady state chamber system consisting of five 1-m steel pans was designed for quantifying emissions. A lid was placed sequentially on each pan, and headspace air was recirculated between the pan and a real-time NO analyzer, measuring concentrations every 1 s. Air-dried manure (89.2% dry matter) from a commercial feedlot in the Texas Panhandle was placed in the pans and then 0, 6.3, 12.7, 25.4, or 50.8 mm of water was applied to simulate a one-time rainfall event. Emissions of NO-N were monitored for 45 d, where two distinct episodes of NO-N production were observed over time. The first NO-N episode had a duration of 10 h and peaked 2 h after rainfall at a flux of 1.0 to 200 mg m h. The second episode had a duration of 40 d and peaked 15 d after rainfall at a flux of 0.06 to 35 mg m h. The second episode accounted for 69 to 91% of the cumulative NO-N emitted over the 45-d period. Each millimeter of rainfall increased cumulative NO-N emitted by 167.9 mg m ( = 0.99, < 0.001). This rainfall vs. cumulative emissions relationship will be useful for modeling annual NO-N emissions from open-lot beef cattle feedlots, and for assessing the effectiveness of best management practices for reducing feedlot GHG emissions.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2017.02.0042

DOI: 10.2134/jeq2017.02.0042

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