3 years ago

DddY is a bacterial dimethylsulfoniopropionate lyase representing a new cupin enzyme superfamily with unknown primary function

D. S., Tawfik, U., Alcolombri, Lei, L.
Dimethylsulfide (DMS) is released at rates of >107 tons annually and plays a key role in the oceanic sulfur cycle and ecology. Marine bacteria, algae, and possibly other organisms, release DMS via cleavage of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP). Different genes encoding proteins with DMSP lyase activity are known belonging to different superfamilies and exhibiting highly variable levels of DMSP lyase activity. DddY shows the highest activity among all reported bacterial lyases yet is poorly characterized. Here, we describe the characterization of recombinant DddY is from different marine bacteria. We found that DddY activity demands a transition metal ion cofactor. DddY also shares two sequence motifs with other bacterial lyases assigned as cupin-like enzymes, DddQ, DddL, DddK, and DddW. These cupin motif residues are essential for DddY activity, as for the other cupin DMSP lyases, and all these enzymes are characterized by a common metal-chelator inhibitor (TPEN). Analysis of all sequences carrying these cupin motifs defined a superfamily: Cupin-DLL (DMSP lyases and lyase-like). The DMSP lyase families are sporadically distributed suggesting that DMSP lyases evolved within this superfamily independently along multiple lineages. However, the specific activity levels, genomic context analysis, and systematic profiling of substrate selectivity as described in the accompanying paper, indicate that for only some of these families, most distinctly DddY and DddL, DMSP lyase is the primary, native activity. In other families, foremost DddQ, DMSP lyase seems to be merely a promiscuous activity. The native function of DddQ, and of nearly all members of this newly identified Cupin-DLL superfamily, remains unknown.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/161257v1

DOI: 10.1101/161257

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.