3 years ago

Simultaneous ammonia stripping and anaerobic digestion for efficient thermophilic conversion of dairy manure at high solids concentration

A major challenge to take high rate advantage of thermophilic anaerobic digestion (AD) is overcoming ammonia inhibition without adding any significant cost to the process. A concept of thermophilic AD with simultaneous ammonia stripping was tested for treating dairy manure at high total solids concentration (TS%) as an attempt to address this challenge. The results showed that ammonia inhibition occurred at 1.8–2.4 g/L total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentration which corresponded to 10% TS as a threshold concentration. Thermophilic AD of dairy manure efficiency at the threshold TS% was significantly improved by simultaneously stripping ammonia with the optimum stripping rate of 1 L min−1. The required time for reaching stable state was 4 days shorter than control, and the highest methane content (56.5–75.5%) was obtained. The ammonia stripping strategy maintained TAN level below the inhibition limit of 1.5 g/L throughout AD process. The maximum cumulative methane production of 192.3 L/kg-volatile solids (VS) was obtained, which was 2.3-fold the control. Therefore, simultaneous ammonia stripping overcame the ammonia inhibition on thermophilic AD of dairy manure at the threshold TS%. The proposed concept simplified the system by combining ammonia stripping and thermophilic AD within the same digester.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0360544217316055

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