3 years ago

Tungsten supported Ti/SiO2 nanoflowers as reusable heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production

Tungsten supported Ti/SiO2 nanoflowers as reusable heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production
Present work demonstrates an easy route by sol-gel method, without using any template, for the synthesis of flower shaped tungsten (W) supported TiO2/SiO2catalyst for the triglyceride transesterification. The structure of the catalyst was established by powder X-ray diffraction and surface morphology and particle size by field emission scanning and high resolution transmission electron microscopy studies, respectively. The oxidation state of tungsten by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was found to be +6. Under the optimized reaction conditions of 5 wt% of 20-W/TiO2/SiO2-700 catalyst, 30:1 methanol to oil molar ratio and 65 °C reaction temperature, more than 98% fatty acid ethyl ester yield was obtained in 4 h. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameter of the reaction was also evaluated following the pseudo-first order equation. The catalyst was recycled in four consecutive runs and total metal contents in biodiesel was observed <5 ppm to maintain the stability of the catalyst.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S096014811730928X

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