5 years ago

Atomistic simulations of dislocation dynamics in δ-Pu-Ga alloys

Atomistic simulations of dislocation dynamics in δ-Pu-Ga alloys
Molecular dynamics with the modified embedded atom model (MEAM) for interatomic interaction is applied to direct simulations of dislocation dynamics in fcc δ-phase Pu-Ga alloys. First, parameters of the MEAM potential are fitted to accurately reproduce experimental phonon dispersion curves and phonon density of states at ambient conditions. Then the stress-velocity dependence for edge dislocations as well as Pierls stress are obtained in direct MD modeling of dislocation motion using the shear stress relaxation technique. The simulations are performed for different gallium concentrations and the dependence of static yield stress on Ga concentration derived demonstrates good agreement with experimental data. Finally, the influence of radiation defects (primary radiation defects, nano-pores, and radiogenic helium bubbles) on dislocation dynamics is investigated. It is demonstrated that uniformly distributed vacancies and nano-pores have little effect on dislocation dynamics in comparison with that of helium bubbles. The results of the MD simulations evidence that the accumulation of the radiogenic helium in the form of nanometer-sized bubbles is the main factor affecting strength properties during long-term storage. The calculated dependence of static yield stress on helium bubbles concentration for fcc Pu 1 w t . % Ga is in good agreement with that obtained in experiments on accelerated aging. The developed technique of static yield stress evaluation is applicable to δ-phase Pu-Ga alloys with arbitrary Ga concentrations.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022311517304786

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