3 years ago

Development of Protein Degradation Inducers of Androgen Receptor by Conjugation of Androgen Receptor Ligands and Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein Ligands

Development of Protein Degradation Inducers of Androgen Receptor by Conjugation of Androgen Receptor Ligands and Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein Ligands
Mikihiko Naito, Nobuo Cho, Yasuhiro Imaeda, Hiroshi Nara, Norihito Shibata, Ryokichi Koyama, Katsunori Nagai, Osamu Sano, Takayuki Hattori, Yoko Morita, Osamu Ujikawa, Nobumichi Ohoka
Targeted protein degradation using small molecules is a novel strategy for drug development. We have developed hybrid molecules named specific and nongenetic inhibitor of apoptosis protein [IAP]-dependent protein erasers (SNIPERs) that recruit IAP ubiquitin ligases to degrade target proteins. Here, we show novel SNIPERs capable of inducing proteasomal degradation of the androgen receptor (AR). Through derivatization of the SNIPER(AR) molecule at the AR ligand and IAP ligand and linker, we developed 42a (SNIPER(AR)-51), which shows effective protein knockdown activity against AR. Consistent with the degradation of the AR protein, 42a inhibits AR-mediated gene expression and proliferation of androgen-dependent prostate cancer cells. In addition, 42a efficiently induces caspase activation and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells, which was not observed in the cells treated with AR antagonists. These results suggest that SNIPER(AR)s could be leads for an anticancer drug against prostate cancers that exhibit AR-dependent proliferation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00168

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00168

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