3 years ago

Urinary Tract Infection: Which Conformation of the Bacterial Lectin FimH Is Therapeutically Relevant?

Urinary Tract Infection: Which Conformation of the Bacterial Lectin FimH Is Therapeutically Relevant?
Said Rabbani, Beat Ernst, Christoph P. Sager, Katharina Mayer, Deniz Eris, Simon Kleeb, Oliver Schwardt
Frequent antibiotic treatment of urinary tract infections has resulted in the emergence of antimicrobial resistance, necessitating alternative treatment options. One such approach centers around FimH antagonists that block the bacterial adhesin FimH, which would otherwise mediate binding of uropathogenic Escherichia coli to the host urothelium to trigger the infection. Although the FimH lectin can adopt three distinct conformations, the evaluation of FimH antagonists has mainly been performed with a truncated construct of FimH locked in one particular conformation. For a successful therapeutic application, however, FimH antagonists should be efficacious against all physiologically relevant conformations. Therefore, FimH constructs with the capacity to adopt various conformations were applied. By examining the binding properties of a series of FimH antagonists in terms of binding affinity and thermodynamics, we demonstrate that depending on the FimH construct, affinities may be overestimated by a constant factor of 2 orders of magnitude. In addition, we report several antagonists with excellent affinities for all FimH conformations.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00342

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00342

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.