3 years ago

CNS Physicochemical Property Space Shaped by a Diverse Set of Molecules with Experimentally Determined Exposure in the Mouse Brain

CNS Physicochemical Property Space Shaped by a Diverse Set of Molecules with Experimentally Determined Exposure in the Mouse Brain
Zoran Rankovic
Understanding the “limits and boundaries” of the central nervous system (CNS) property space is a critical aspect of modern CNS drug design. Medicinal chemists are often guided by the physicochemical properties of marketed CNS drugs, which are heavily biased toward “traditional” aminergic targets and commonly described as small lipophilic amines. This miniperspective describes the statistical analysis of the calculated physicochemical properties for a diverse set of ligands for mostly “nontraditional” CNS targets and classified as either “brain penetrant” or “peripherally restricted” on the basis of the experimental mouse brain exposure. The results suggested that (a) the physicochemical property space conducive to brain exposure is larger than the one defined by the marketed CNS drugs and (b) the most critical brain exposure determinants are descriptors of the molecular size and hydrogen bond capacity. These findings led to a modified version of the CNS MPO scoring algorithm, termed CNS MPO.v2.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b01469

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b01469

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