3 years ago

Effects of supramaximal balloon dilatation pressures on adult cricoid and tracheal cartilage: A cadaveric study

James Y. Suen, Sara C. Shalin, Ozlem E. Tulunay-Ugur, Venkata S. P. B. Durvasula, Gresham T. Richter
Objectives/Hypothesis Cricoid fracture is a serious concern for balloon dilatation in airway stenosis. Furthermore, there are no studies examining tracheal rupture in balloon dilatation of stenotic segments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of supramaximal pressures of balloons on the cricoid and tracheal rings. Study Design Prospective cadaveric study. Methods Seven cadaveric laryngotracheal complexes of normal adults with intact cricothyroid membranes were acquired. Noncompliant vascular angioplasty balloons (BARD-VIDA) were used for dilatation. The subglottis and trachea were subjected to supramaximal dilatation pressures graduated to nominal burst pressure (NBP) and, if necessary, rated burst pressure (RBP). Larger-diameter balloons, starting from 18 mm size to 24 mm, were used. Dilatations were maintained for 3 minutes. Results The cricoid ring was disrupted by larger-diameter balloons (22 mm and 24 mm) even at lower pressures (less than NBP) in six cases. Tracheal cartilages were very distensible, and external examination after supramaximal dilatation (24 mm close to RBP) revealed no obvious cartilage fractures or trachealis tears. Histopathological examination revealed sloughing of mucosa in the areas corresponding to balloon placement, but no microfractures or disruption of the perichondrium of tracheal ring cartilages. Conclusions These results indicate that the cricoid is vulnerable to injury from larger balloons even at lower dilatation pressures. The tracheal cartilages and the membranous wall of the trachea remained resilient to supramaximal dilatation and larger balloons. Level of Evidence NA Laryngoscope, 2017

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/lary.26872

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.