5 years ago

Clinical utility of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose/positron emission tomography in diagnosis of immunoglobulin G4–related sclerosing sialadenitis

Masamitsu Hatakenaka, Ryoto Yajima, Naoya Yama, Hiroki Takahashi, Motohisa Yamamoto, Ryuta Kamekura, Kenichi Takano, Tetsuo Himi
Objectives/Hypothesis The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for accurately diagnosing immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing sialadenitis (IgG4-SS). Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Methods We reviewed the records of 64 patients with IgG4-SS (35 male and 29 female patients) and 10 patients with clinically suspected IgG4-SS. Pathological diagnoses of patients clinically suspected with IgG4-SS included four cases of malignant lymphoma, one case of multicentric Castleman disease, one case of Sjögren's syndrome, and four cases of sialadenitis. All patients underwent submandibular gland (SMG) biopsies and baseline FDG-PET/CT evaluation. Clinical, serological, pathological, and PET/CT findings were analyzed. We also investigated maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) in the salivary glands of 15 patients with malignant disease of the salivary glands during the same period. Results Increased FDG uptake in the SMG and parotid gland was found in 63 (98%) and 23 (35%) patients with IgG4-SS, respectively. FDG uptake of the bilateral SMG and unilateral SMG was recorded in 57 patients (89%) and six patients (9%), respectively. Mean SUVmax in patients with malignant disease of the salivary glands was significantly higher than that in patients with IgG4-SS (P = .035). We defined a positive test for IgG4-SS diagnosis as high SMG FDG uptake and serum IgG4 level ≥135 mg/dL, resulting in a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 96.9%, 90.0%, and 86.4%, respectively. Conclusions FDG-PET/CT findings in combination with serological and clinical findings may have the capacity to diagnose IgG4-SS and lead to less-invasive biopsy procedures. Level of Evidence 4. Laryngoscope, 2017

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/lary.26945

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.