3 years ago

How reliably can computed tomography predict thyroid invasion prior to laryngectomy?

Duncan R. Ingrams, Andrew S. Harris, Carl D. Passant
Objectives/Hypothesis There is little evidence to support the removal of thyroid tissue during total laryngectomy. Although oncological control of the tumor is the priority, thyroidectomy can lead to hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism. This study aimed to test the usefulness of preoperative computed tomography in predicting histological invasion of the thyroid. Study Design Ambispective cohort study. Methods All patients undergoing total laryngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma at one center from 2006 to 2016 were included. Data were recorded prospectively as part of the patients' standard care, but were collated retrospectively, giving this study an ambispective design. The histology report for thyroid invasion was taken as the gold standard. The computed tomography report was categorized by invasion of tumor into intralaryngeal, laryngeal cartilage involvement, and extralaryngeal tissues. Results Seventy-nine patients were included. Nine patients had thyroid involvement on histology, translating to an incidence of 11.29% in this population. The positive predictive value for cartilage involvement on computed tomography for thyroid invasion was 52.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 28.5%-76.1%) and the negative predictive value was 100% (95% CI: 92.7%-100%).The positive predictive value for extralaryngeal spread on computed tomography for thyroid involvement was 100% (95% CI: 62.9%-100%), and the negative predictive value was also 100% (95% CI: 93.5%-100%). Conclusions This study has shown that preoperative computed tomography is an effective method of ruling out thyroid gland invasion. The absence of extralaryngeal spread on computed tomography has been shown to be the most useful finding, with a high negative predictive value and a narrow 95% CI. Level of Evidence 4. Laryngoscope, 2017

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/lary.26927

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