3 years ago

The NOS-like protein from the microalgae Ostreococcus tauri is a genuine and ultrafast NO-producing enzyme

The exponential increase of genomes’ sequencing has revealed the presence of NO-Synthases (NOS) throughout the tree of life, uncovering an extraordinary diversity of genetic structure and biological functions. Although NO has been shown to be a crucial mediator in plant physiology, NOS sequences seem present solely in green algae genomes, with a first identification in the picoplankton species Ostreococcus tauri. There is no rationale so far to account for the presence of NOS in this early-diverging branch of the green lineage and its absence in land plants. To address the biological function of algae NOS, we cloned, expressed and characterized the NOS oxygenase domain from Ostreococcus tauri (OtNOSoxy). We launched a phylogenetic and structural analysis of algae NOS, and achieved a 3D model of OtNOSoxy by homology modeling. We used a combination of various spectroscopies to characterize the structural and electronic fingerprints of some OtNOSoxy reaction intermediates. The analysis of OtNOSoxy catalytic activity and kinetic efficiency was achieved by stoichiometric stopped-flow. Our results highlight the conserved and particular features of OtNOSoxy structure that might explain its ultrafast NO-producing capacity. This integrative Structure-Catalysis-Function approach could be extended to the whole NOS superfamily and used for predicting potential biological activity for any new NOS.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168945217303783

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