5 years ago

Synaptopodin-2 suppresses metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer via inhibition of YAP/TAZ activity

Liping Ye, Chuyong Lin, Bin Wang, Xianqiu Wu, Zhongyu Yuan, Ying Ouyang, Jun Li, Qingyuan Li, Junling Liu
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents the most aggressive subtype of breast cancer with a high incidence of distant metastasis; however, the underlying mechanism for this frequent recurrence remains unclear. Herein, we find that Synaptopodin 2, a putative tumor suppressor in aggressive cancer, is frequently downregulated in TNBC by methylation of the promoter of SYNPO2. Low expression levels of SYNPO2 correlated significantly with 5-year metastatic relapse, and predicted poorer prognosis in breast cancer patients. Reintroduction of SYNPO2 inhibited the invasion and spontaneous metastasis of TNBC cells in vivo. Strikingly, downregulation of SYNPO2 is essential for the maintenance of stem cell-like properties in TNBC cells, leading to efficient distant colonization and metastases outgrowth. Moreover, we demonstrate that SYNPO2 inhibits the activities of YAP and TAZ by stabilizing LATS2 protein, and transduction of YAP-S127A abrogates the repressive role of SYNPO2 in metastasis. Finally, IHC analysis of breast cancer patient specimens indicated that the SYNPO2/LATS2/YAP axis is clinically relevant. These findings uncover a suppressive role of SYNPO2 in TNBC metastasis via inhibition of YAP/TAZ, and suggest that SYNPO2 might provide a potential prognosis marker and novel therapeutic strategy.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/path.4995

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.