4 years ago

Synaptic properties of the lemniscal and paralemniscal pathways to the mouse somatosensory thalamus [Neuroscience]

Synaptic properties of the lemniscal and paralemniscal pathways to the mouse somatosensory thalamus [Neuroscience]
Angela N. Viaene, S. Murray Sherman, Iraklis Petrof, Christina Mo

Somatosensory information is thought to arrive in thalamus through two glutamatergic routes called the lemniscal and paralemniscal pathways via the ventral posterior medial (VPm) and posterior medial (POm) nuclei. Here we challenge the view that these pathways functionally represent parallel information routes. Using electrical stimulation and an optogenetic approach in brain slices from the mouse, we investigated the synaptic properties of the lemniscal and paralemniscal input to VPm and POm. Stimulation of the lemniscal pathway produced class 1, or “driver,” responses in VPm relay cells, which is consistent with this being an information-bearing channel. However, stimulation of the paralemniscal pathway produced two distinct types of responses in POm relay cells: class 1 (driver) responses in 29% of the cells, and class 2, or “modulator,” responses in the rest. Our data suggest that, unlike the lemniscal pathway, the paralemniscal one is not homogenous and that it is primarily modulatory. This finding requires major rethinking regarding the routes of somatosensory information to cortex and suggests that the paralemniscal route is chiefly involved in modulatory functions rather than simply being an information route parallel to the lemniscal channel.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.