3 years ago

Short communication: The effect of storage conditions and storage duration on milk ELISA results for pregnancy diagnosis

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of storage temperature and time from sample collection to analysis on test classification of a commercially available ELISA for diagnosis of pregnancy using the measurement of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) in milk samples from dairy cows. Few studies have evaluated the effects of sample handling on milk PAG results. Using a repeated-measures study design, we evaluated sample storage at 5 temperatures: 37°C, 22°C, 4°C, −20°C, or −80°C. Sample aliquots from 45 cows (20 with a pregnant test result, 10 open, and 15 recheck) were stored for 4, 7, 14, 28, 60, 90, or 365 d. The measured PAG level was influenced by storage duration and condition. Samples stored for 365 d had a slightly increased PAG level, whereas samples stored for all other durations showed a slight decline in PAG level compared with the initial result. The reason for an increase in PAG level following long-term storage is not known. This will not affect dairy producers using the test but may be important in samples stored for research applications. The changes in PAG level were small and within the expected variation for this test. Fewer than 6% of samples changed in classification and, as expected, they were samples near the test interpretation cut-points.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0022030217308974

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