This study aimed to evaluate the effect of hydroxy-selenomethionine (HMSeBA), a novel organic selenium (Se) source, on milk performance, antioxidative status, and Se concentrations in the milk and plasma of mid-lactation dairy cows compared with that of sodium selenite (SS). Fifty mid-lactation dairy cows with similar days in milk, milk yield, and parity received the same basal diet containing 0.06 mg of Se/kg of DM. They were assigned to 1 of 5 treatments according to a randomized complete block design: negative control (without Se supplementation), SS supplementation (0.3 mg of Se/kg of DM; SS-0.3) or HMSeBA supplementation (0.1, 0.3, or 0.5 mg of Se/kg of DM: SO-0.1, SO-0.3, and SO-0.5, respectively). The experiment lasted for 10 wk, including a pretrial period of 2 wk. The results indicated that neither Se supplementation nor Se source affected dry matter intake, milk yield, milk composition, or blood biochemical parameters, except for milk fat percentage. Simultaneously, milk fat percentage and milk fat yield increased linearly as the quantity of HMSeBA supplementation was increased. Production of 4% FCM and ECM was elevated linearly as dietary HMSeBA increased. The SO-0.3 group showed higher serum activity of glutathione peroxidase, total antioxidant capacity, and superoxide dismutase than the SS-0.3 group, but malondialdehyde content was not affected by Se source. Furthermore, HMSeBA supplementation linearly increased the activities of serum glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase, but decreased malondialdehyde content. Compared with the SS-0.3 group, the SO-0.3 group showed augmented concentrations of total Se in milk and plasma, and total Se milk-to-plasma concentration ratio. In addition, increasing doses of HMSeBA linearly increased the concentrations of total Se in the milk and plasma. This study demonstrates that HMSeBA improves antioxidant status and increases milk and plasma Se concentrations more effectively than SS, indicating that HMSeBA could replace SS as an effective organic Se source for lactating dairy cows.