5 years ago

Maladaptive DNA repair is the ultimate contributor to the death of trimethoprim-treated cells under aerobic and anaerobic conditions [Microbiology]

Maladaptive DNA repair is the ultimate contributor to the death of trimethoprim-treated cells under aerobic and anaerobic conditions [Microbiology]
Marie-Florence Bredeche, Ivan Matic, Wei-Lin Su, Xavier Giroux

The bactericidal effects of antibiotics are undoubtedly triggered by target-specific interactions, but there is growing evidence that an important aspect of cytotoxicity results from treatment-induced metabolic perturbations. In this study, we characterized molecular mechanisms whereby trimethoprim treatment results in cell death, using Escherichia coli as the model organism. E. coli cells grown in rich medium that contained all amino acids and low amounts of thymidine were treated with trimethoprim under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Under these growth conditions, accelerated thymine depletion is the primary trigger of the processes leading to cell death. Thymine depletion-induced DNA replication stress leads to the production of reactive oxygen species under aerobic conditions and of the DNA-damaging byproducts of nitrate respiration under anaerobic conditions. Lowering the DNA replication initiation rate by introducing the dnaA(Sx) allele or by overexpressing Hda protein reduces the number of active replication forks, which reduces the consumption of thymidine and increases resistance to trimethoprim under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Analysis of the involvement of DNA repair enzymes in trimethoprim-induced cytotoxicity clearly indicates that different amounts and/or different types of DNA lesions are produced in the presence or absence of oxygen. Maladaptive processing of the DNA damage by DNA repair enzymes, in particular by MutM and MutY DNA glycosylases, ultimately contributes to cell death.

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.