5 years ago

Polymer Prodrug-Based Nanoreactors Activated by Tumor Acidity for Orchestrated Oxidation/Chemotherapy

Polymer Prodrug-Based Nanoreactors Activated by Tumor Acidity for Orchestrated Oxidation/Chemotherapy
Wendong Ke, Weiping Wang, Yafei Li, Yuheng Wang, Weijian Chen, Zhishen Ge, Junjie Li
Therapeutic nanoreactors have been proposed to treat cancers through in situ transformation of low-toxicity prodrugs into toxic therapeutics in the body. However, the in vivo applications are limited by low tissue-specificity and different tissue distributions between sequentially injected nanoreactors and prodrugs. Herein, we construct a block copolymer prodrug-based polymersome nanoreactor that can achieve novel orchestrated oxidation/chemotherapy of cancer via specific activation at tumor sites. The block copolymers composed of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and copolymerized monomers of camptothecin (CPT) and piperidine-modified methacrylate [P(CPTMA-co-PEMA)] were optimized to self-assemble into polymersomes in aqueous solution for encapsulation of glucose oxidase (GOD) to obtain GOD-loaded polymersome nanoreactors (GOD@PCPT-NR). GOD@PCPT-NR maintained inactive in normal tissues upon systemic administration. After deposition in tumor tissues, tumor acidity-triggered protonation of PPEMA segments resulted in high permeability of the polymersome membranes and oxidation reaction of diffused glucose and O2 under the catalysis of GOD. The activation of the reaction generated H2O2, improving the oxidative stress in tumors. Simultaneously, a high level of H2O2 further activated PCPTMA prodrugs, releasing active CPT drugs. High tumor oxidative stress and released CPT drugs synergistically killed cancer cells and suppressed tumor growth via oxidation/chemotherapy. Our study provides a new strategy for engineering therapeutic nanoreactors in an orchestrated fashion for cancer therapy.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03531

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03531

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