4 years ago

Mesomeric betaines constructed of quinolinium cations and carboxylate anions separated by thiophene-ethynyl spacers as fluorescent dipoles

Mesomeric betaines constructed of quinolinium cations and carboxylate anions separated by thiophene-ethynyl spacers as fluorescent dipoles
4- and 5-((1-Methylquinolinium-3-yl)ethynyl)thiophene-2-carboxylates were prepared starting from 3-ethynylquinoline which was subjected to a Sonogashira-Hagihara coupling with ethyl 4- and 5-bromothiophenecarboxylates, respectively. Methylation to give the corresponding quinolinium salts, saponification under basic conditions, acidification to give the carboxylic acids, and basification finally yielded the title compounds. Calculations of the frontier orbital profiles confirm the classification of these mesomeric betaines as cross-conjugated systems, as the HOMO is essentially located in the carboxylate group which is connected to the spacer by a nodal position. Fluorescence spectroscopic investigations were performed.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0040402017304039

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