3 years ago

Density-Based Multilevel Hartree–Fock Model

Density-Based Multilevel Hartree–Fock Model
Ida-Marie Høyvik, Sandra Sæther, Thomas Kjærgaard, Henrik Koch
We introduce a density-based multilevel Hartree–Fock (HF) method where the electronic density is optimized in a given region of the molecule (the active region). Active molecular orbitals (MOs) are generated by a decomposition of a starting guess atomic orbital (AO) density, whereas the inactive MOs (which constitute the remainder of the density) are never generated or referenced. The MO formulation allows for a significant dimension reduction by transforming from the AO basis to the active MO basis. All interactions between the inactive and active regions of the molecule are retained, and an exponential parametrization of orbital rotations ensures that the active and inactive density matrices separately, and in sum, satisfy the symmetry, trace, and idempotency requirements. Thus, the orbital spaces stay orthogonal, and furthermore, the total density matrix represents a single Slater determinant. In each iteration, the (level-shifted) Newton equations in the active MO basis are solved to obtain the orbital transformation matrix. The approach is equivalent to variationally optimizing only a subset of the MOs of the total system. In this orbital space partitioning, no bonds are broken and no a priori orbital assignments are carried out. In the limit of including all orbitals in the active space, we obtain an MO density-based formulation of full HF.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00689

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.7b00689

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.