4 years ago

Ion-Specific Interfacial Crystallization of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles

Ion-Specific Interfacial Crystallization of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles
Honghu Zhang, David Vaknin, Alex Travesset, Surya Mallapragada, Wenjie Wang
Ion-specific effects on the assembly and crystallization of polyethylene-glycol-grafted Au nanoparticles (PEG-AuNPs) at the vapor–liquid interface are examined by surface sensitive synchrotron X-ray scattering methods. We show that monovalent salts, such as KCl and NaCl, that do not advance phase separation of pure PEG at room temperature induce two-dimensional (2D) self-assembly and crystallization of PEG-AuNPs with some distinctions. Whereas for KCl the 2D hexagonal coherence length of the PEG-AuNP superlattices is remarkably large compared to other salts (over micron-sized crystalline grains), NaCl induces coexistence of two hexagonal structures. Using various salts, we find that the value of the lattice constant is correlated to the ionic hydration entropy consistent with the Hofmeister series.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02549

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02549

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