3 years ago

Postoperative Bleeding After Laparoscopic Pancreaticoduodenectomy: the Achilles’ Heel?

Jean Hardwigsen, Ajay Belgaumkar, Mathieu Rinaudo, Christian Lamer, Emilie Gregoire, Yves-Patrice Le Treut, Julien Massol, Brice Gayet, David Fuks, Sophie Chopinet

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is technically demanding, and its impact on postoperative outcomes remains controversial.

Objective

To compare short-term outcomes between laparoscopic versus open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) in order to assess the safety of LPD.

Methods

From 2002 to 2014, all consecutive patients undergoing LPD or OPD at two tertiary centers were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were matched for demographics, comorbidities, pathological diagnosis, and pancreatic texture. Results for the two groups were compared for postoperative outcomes.

Results

Sixty-five LPD were performed and compared to 290 OPD. In the whole population, postoperative pancreatic fistula (PF) was higher in the LPD group, but the proportion of ampullary adénocarcinoma (25 vs. 10%, p = 0.004) and soft pancreatic parenchyma (52 vs. 38%, p = 0.001) were higher in the LDP group. After matching (n = 65), LPD was associated with longer operative time (429 vs. 328 min, p < 0.001) and lower blood loss (370 vs. 515 mL, p = 0.047). The PF rate and its severity were similar (33 vs. 27%, p = 0.439, p = 0.083) in the two groups. However, both complications (78 vs. 71%, p = 0.030) and major complications (40 vs. 23%, p = 0.033) were more frequent in the LPD group. LPD patients experience more postoperative bleeding (21 vs. 14%, p = 0.025) compared to their open counterparts. In multivariate analysis, perioperative transfusion (OR = 5 IC 95% (1.5–16), p = 0.008), soft pancreas (OR = 2.5 IC 95% (1.4–4.6), p = 0.001), and ampullary adenocarcinoma (OR = 2.6 IC 95% (1.2–5.6), p = 0.015) were independent risks factors of major complications.

Conclusion

Despite lower blood loss and lower intraoperative transfusion, LPD leads to higher rate of postoperative complications with postoperative bleeding in particular.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00268-017-4269-z

DOI: 10.1007/s00268-017-4269-z

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