5 years ago

Differentially expressed microRNAs in diapausing versus HCl-treated <i>Bombyx</i> embryos

Huichao Yan, Bimin Lin, Fangyan Chen, Mingyue Qin, Yangsheng Zhong, Wenchu Li, Wentao Fan, Jianrong Lin

by Wentao Fan, Yangsheng Zhong, Mingyue Qin, Bimin Lin, Fangyan Chen, Huichao Yan, Wenchu Li, Jianrong Lin

Differentially expressed microRNAs were detected to explore the molecular mechanisms of diapause termination. The total small RNA of diapause-destined silkworm eggs and HCl-treated eggs was extracted and then sequenced using HiSeq high-throughput method. 44 novel miRNAs were discovered. Compared to those in the diapause-destined eggs, 61 miRNAs showed significant changes in the acid-treated eggs, with 23 being up-regulated and 38 being down-regulated. The potential target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted by miRanda. Gene Ontology and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of these potential target genes revealed that they were mainly located within cells and organelles, involved in cellular and metabolic processes, and participated in protein production, processing and transportation. Two differentially expressed genes, Bombyx mori SDH and Bmo-miR-2761-3p, were further analyzed with qRT-PCR. BmSDH was significantly up-regulated in the HCl-treated eggs, while Bmo-miR-2761-3p was down-regulated. These results suggested that these two genes were well coordinated in silkworm eggs. Dual luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that Bmo-miR-2761-3p inhibited the expression of BmSDH.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180085

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