5 years ago

Substrate Preference and Interplay of Fucosyltransferase 8 and N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases

Substrate Preference and Interplay of Fucosyltransferase 8 and N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases
Chi-Huey Wong, Tzu-Wen Lin, Chien-Yu Chen, Tzu-Hao Tseng, Chein-Hung Chen, Tsui-Ling Hsu, Jung-Lee Lin
The core fucosylation of N-glycans on glycoproteins is catalyzed by fucosyltransferase 8 (FUT8) in mammalian cells and is involved in various biological functions, such as protein function, cancer progression, and postnatal development. The substrate specificity of FUT8 toward bi-antennary N-glycans has been reported, but it is unclear with regard to tri-antennary and tetra-antennary glycans. Here, we examined the specificity and activity of human FUT8 toward tri- and tetra-antennary N-glycans in the forms of glycopeptides. We found that the tri-antennary glycan [A3(2,4,2) type] terminated with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), which is generated by N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (GnT)-IV, is a good substrate for FUT8, but the A3(2,2,6) type of tri-antennary glycan, generated by GnT-V, is not a substrate for FUT8. We also observed that core fucosylation reduced the activity of GnT-IV toward the bi-antennary glycan. Examining the correlation between the types of N-glycans and the expression levels of FUT8, GnT-IV, and GnT-V in cells revealed that these glycosyltransferases, particularly GnT-IV, play important roles in directing the branching and core fucosylation of N-glycans in vivo. This study thus provides insights into the interplay among FUT8, GnT-IV, and GnT-V in N-linked glycosylation during the assembly of glycoproteins.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b03729

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b03729

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