4 years ago

Electronic and Functional Scope of Boronic Acid Derived Salicylidenehydrazone (BASHY) Complexes as Fluorescent Dyes

Electronic and Functional Scope of Boronic Acid Derived Salicylidenehydrazone (BASHY) Complexes as Fluorescent Dyes
Daniel Collado, Fabio M. F. Santos, María M. Alcaide, Joana Inês Carvalho, Pedro M. P. Gois, Francisco Boscá, Ezequiel Pérez-Inestrosa, Uwe Pischel, Jesús F. Arteaga, Vânia F. Pais
A series of boronic acid derived salicylidenehydrazone (BASHY) complexes was prepared and photophysically characterized. The dye platform can be modified by (a) electronic tuning along the cyanine-type axis via modification of the donor–acceptor pair and (b) functional tuning via the boronic acid residue. On the one hand, approach (a) allows the control of photophysical parameters such as Stokes shift, emission color, and two-photon-absorption (2PA) cross section. The resulting dyes show emission light-up behavior in nonpolar media and are characterized by high fluorescence quantum yields (ca. 0.5–0.7) and brightness (ca. 35000–40000 M–1 cm–1). Moreover, the 2PA cross sections reach values in the order of 200–300 GM. On the other hand, the variation of the dye structure through the boronic acid derived moiety (approach (b)) enables the functionalization of the BASHY platform for a broad spectrum of potential applications, ranging from biorelevant contexts to optoelectronic materials. Importantly, this functionalization is generally electronically orthogonal with respect to the dye’s photophysical properties, which are only determined by the electronic structure of the cyanine-type backbone (approach (a)). Rare exceptions to this generalization are the presence of redox-active residues (such a triphenylamine or pyrene). Finally, the advantageous photophysics is complemented by a significant photostability.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b00601

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b00601

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