5 years ago

Comorbidities Have a Greater Impact Than Age Alone in the Outcomes of Octogenarian Total Knee Arthroplasty

Increasing age and various comorbidities are known risk factors for complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but data on the impact of total comorbidity burden is scarce. We investigated the effect of age and total comorbidity burden on outcomes after primary TKA in octogenarians (OGs). Methods A matched-pair comparison study was conducted using prospectively collected TKA registry data in a large tertiary institution. Between 2006 and 2011, consecutive OGs undergoing primary unilateral TKA, with minimum 2-year follow-up, were matched 1:1 with younger controls based on demographic and surgical variables. We compared the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), complication rate, length of stay (LOS), 30-day readmission, and 2-year reoperation rate. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine the effects of age and CCI on each outcome. Results There were 209 OGs and 209 controls. OGs were significantly older (mean age 82.1 vs 66.1 years, P < .001) and had higher CCI. OGs had longer mean LOS (6.3 vs 5.4 days, P = .001), and a trend for more complications and readmissions. The complication rate increased from 7.5% for CCI = 0, to 33.3% for CCI ≥3 (P = .005). The LOS increased from 5.4 days for CCI = 0, to 9.6 days for CCI ≥3 (P < .001). Multivariate analysis showed that higher CCI was an independent risk factor for complications and longer LOS, whereas age was not. Conclusion Comorbidity burden has a greater impact than age alone on TKA outcomes in OGs. Well-selected OGs remain good candidates for TKA.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0883540317304801

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.