3 years ago

Aberrant resting-state cerebellar blood flow in major depression

Abnormal cortical cerebral blood flow and gray matter volume have been frequently reported in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). In contrast, although the role of the cerebellum in MDD pathophysiology has attracted considerable interest more recently, studies investigating both functional and structural aspects of cerebellar integrity are scarce. Methods In this study, we used structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate cerebellar volume and regional cerebellar blood flow (rCBF) at rest in clinically acute MDD patients (n = 22) and healthy controls (n = 18). We acquired high-resolution structural images at 3 T together with perfusion images obtained with continuous arterial spin labeling. Cerebellar structure and function were investigated using cerebellum-optimized analysis techniques. Results Markedly increased rCBF was found in bilateral cerebellar areas VIIa and VIIIb (p < 0.05 family-wise-error [FWE] corrected). Significant differences in cerebellar volume between patients and controls were not found (p < 0.05, FWE-corrected). Left cerebellar area VIIa perfusion was significantly associated with depressive symptoms, as measured by the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Limitations Potential limitations of this study include the modest sample size, the cross-sectional design, the lack of task-related imaging and the heterogeneity of drug treatment. Conclusions The data suggest contributions of “affective” cerebellar regions to MDD pathophysiology and symptom expression. While cerebellar perfusion at rest is compromised in MDD, cerebellar volume seems to be less affected.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S016503271730616X

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.