Differential gene regulatory networks in development and disease
Gene regulatory networks, in which differential expression of regulator genes induce differential expression of their target genes, underlie diverse biological processes such as embryonic development, organ formation and disease pathogenesis. An archetypical systems biology approach to mapping these networks involves the combined application of (1) high-throughput sequencing-based transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) of biopsies under diverse network perturbations and (2) network inference based on gene–gene expression correlation analysis. The comparative analysis of such correlation networks across cell types or states, differential correlation network analysis, can identify specific molecular signatures and functional modules that underlie the state transition or have context-specific function. Here, we review the basic concepts of network biology and correlation network inference, and the prevailing methods for differential analysis of correlation networks. We discuss applications of gene expression network analysis in the context of embryonic development, cancer, and congenital diseases.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00018-017-2679-6
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.