3 years ago

Differential gene regulatory networks in development and disease

Theresa M. Filtz, Stephen A. Ramsey, Chrissa Kioussi, Arun J. Singh

Abstract

Gene regulatory networks, in which differential expression of regulator genes induce differential expression of their target genes, underlie diverse biological processes such as embryonic development, organ formation and disease pathogenesis. An archetypical systems biology approach to mapping these networks involves the combined application of (1) high-throughput sequencing-based transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) of biopsies under diverse network perturbations and (2) network inference based on gene–gene expression correlation analysis. The comparative analysis of such correlation networks across cell types or states, differential correlation network analysis, can identify specific molecular signatures and functional modules that underlie the state transition or have context-specific function. Here, we review the basic concepts of network biology and correlation network inference, and the prevailing methods for differential analysis of correlation networks. We discuss applications of gene expression network analysis in the context of embryonic development, cancer, and congenital diseases.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00018-017-2679-6

DOI: 10.1007/s00018-017-2679-6

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