Optimal Allocation of Flood Control Capacity for Multi-Reservoir Systems Using Multi-Objective Optimization Approach
Operation of multi-reservoir systems during flood periods is of great importance in the field of water resources management. This paper proposes a multi-objective optimization model with new formulation for optimal operation of multi-reservoir systems. In this model, the release rate and the flood control capacity of each reservoir is considered as decision variable and the resulting nonlinear non-convex multi-objective optimization problem is solved with ε-constraint method through the mixed integer linear programming (MILP). Objective functions of the model are minimizing the flood damage at downstream sites and the loss of hydropower generation. The developed model is used to determine optimal operating strategies for Karkheh multi-reservoir system in southwestern Iran. For this purpose, the model is executed in two scenarios based on “two-reservoir” and “six-reservoir” systems and for floods with return periods of 25 and 50 years. The results show that in two-reservoir system, flood damage is at least about 114 million dollars and cannot be mitigated any further no matter how hydropower generation is managed. But, in the case of developing all six reservoirs, optimal strategies of coordinated operation can mitigate and even fully prevent flood damage.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11269-017-1763-x
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