5 years ago

Determining the effects of early gestation in utero heat stress on postnatal fasting heat production and circulating biomarkers associated with metabolism in growing pigs.

Byrd, Ross, Morello, Lucy, Chapel, Lugar, Safranski, Baumgard, Johnson
The study objective was to characterize effects of early gestation in utero heat stress (IUHS) on postnatal fasting heat production (FHP) and blood biomarkers associated with metabolism in growing pigs. Based on previous observation of increased postnatal core body temperature set point in IUHS pigs, we hypothesized that FHP would be altered during postnatal life because of IUHS. Pregnant first-parity gilts were exposed to thermoneutral (TN; = 4; 17.8 ± 0.1°C) or heat stress (HS; = 4; cyclical 28 to 38°C) conditions from d 30 to 60 of gestation. At weaning (21 d of age), 2 median-weight male pigs (1 barrow and 1 boar) were selected from each litter ( = 8 in utero TN [IUTN] and 8 IUHS pigs) and then housed in TN conditions based on age. Blood samples were collected at 8, 9, and 10 wk of age when pigs were in a fed state to analyze thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations. Pigs were trained to enter an indirect calorimeter from wk 8 through 10 of life and then acclimated over a 24-h period 1 wk prior to testing. At 12 wk of age, pigs were fasted for 24 h, and then indirect calorimetry was performed on individual pigs over a 23-h testing period to determine FHP and the respiratory quotient in 3 intervals (0900 to 1700 h, 1700 to 0000 h, and 0000 to 0800 h). Body weight was determined before and after testing and was similar for all pigs ( = 0.77; 37.0 ± 0.5 kg BW). Data were analyzed using PROC MIXED in SAS 9.4. No boar vs. barrow differences were observed with any analysis. Overall, FHP per kilogram BW was greater ( = 0.03; 12.1%) in IUHS pigs compared with IUTN pigs. Fasting heat production per kilogram BW was greater ( < 0.01; 19.8%) from 0900 to 1700 h compared with 1700 to 0000 h and 0000 to 0800 h and was greater (10.9%) from 1700 to 0000 h compared with 0000 to 0800 h. The RQ did not differ by in utero treatment ( = 0.51; 0.72 ± 0.01); however, the RQ was increased ( < 0.01; 13.0%) from 1700 to 0000 h compared with 0900 to 1700 h and 0000 to 0800 h. No other FHP and RQ differences were detected. Although no in utero treatment differences were observed for T4 ( = 0.11; 52.2 ± 6.2 ng/mL), T3 was greater overall ( = 0.04; 19.5%) in IUHS pigs than in IUTN pigs. In summary, FHP and circulating T3 were increased in IUHS pigs, and this may have implications for postnatal production efficiency in pigs gestated during hot summer months.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.2527/jas2017.1730

DOI: 10.2527/jas2017.1730

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