3 years ago

Pathway Analysis with Signaling Hypergraphs.

Avent, Murali, Ritz
Signaling pathways play an important role in the cell's response to its environment. Signaling pathways are often represented as directed graphs, which are not adequate for modeling reactions such as complex assembly and dissociation, combinatorial regulation, and protein activation/inactivation. More accurate representations such as directed hypergraphs remain underutilized. In this paper, we present an extension of a directed hypergraph that we call a signaling hypergraph. We formulate a problem that asks what proteins and interactions must be involved in order to stimulate a specific response downstream of a signaling pathway. We relate this problem to computing the shortest acyclic B-hyperpath in a signaling hypergraph-an NP-hard problem-and present a mixed integer linear program to solve it. We demonstrate that the shortest hyperpaths computed in signaling hypergraphs are far more informative than shortest paths, Steiner trees, and subnetworks containing many short paths found in corresponding graph representations. Our results illustrate the potential of signaling hypergraphs as an improved representation of signaling pathways and motivate the development of novel hypergraph algorithms.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1109/TCBB.2015.2459681

DOI: 10.1109/TCBB.2015.2459681

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