3 years ago

Conformational locking of Ufm1 upon binding to the Ufm1-interacting sequence of Uba5

C. E., Oweis, Wiener, W., R., R. T., Kelly, Berndsen
Ubiquitin fold modifier 1 (Ufm1) is a ubiquitin-like protein (UBL) found in eukaryotic organisms which plays a crucial role in ER stress management and signal transduction. The crystal structure of UFM1 and its E1 (Uba5) in complex shows that Ufm1 binds to the adenylation domain of UBA5 and interacts with a separate Ufm1-interacting sequence (UIS) in the C-terminus of UBA5. The UIS interacts with Ufm1 on the opposite side of Ufm1 protein from the adenylation domain of Uba5 and the reason for this second interaction site is unclear. We analyzed Ufm1 bound to the UIS sequence through molecular dynamics simulations in order to identify additional functions for this interaction. We found that the residues in the adenylation interaction site of Ufm1 have less movement when the UIS peptide was bound to Ufm1 and formed a structure that aligns well with Ufm1 bound to the Uba5 adenylation domain. We further identified an amino acid that connects the UIS to the adenylation domain interacting site. Mutation of this amino acid decreases charging activity and shifts the Ufm1 conformation population toward the unlocked configuration even in the presence of the UIS peptide. These data suggest a role for the Uba5 UIS in stimulating activation of Ufm1.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/161802v1

DOI: 10.1101/161802

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