5 years ago

Identification of a Small Molecule Activator for AphB, a LysR-Type Virulence Transcriptional Regulator in Vibrio cholerae

Identification of a Small Molecule Activator for AphB, a LysR-Type Virulence Transcriptional Regulator in Vibrio cholerae
Karen Skorupski, Ronald K. Taylor, Gabriela Kovacikova, F. Jon Kull, Dale Mierke, Britney R. Privett, Maria Pellegrini
AphB is a LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) that cooperates with a second transcriptional activator, AphA, at the tcpPH promoter to initiate expression of the virulence cascade in Vibrio cholerae. Because it is not yet known whether AphB responds to a natural ligand in V. cholerae that influences its ability to activate transcription, we used a computational approach to identify small molecules that influence its activity. In silico docking was used to identify potential ligands for AphB, and saturation transfer difference nuclear magnetic resonance was subsequently employed to access the validity of promising targets. We identified a small molecule, BP-15, that specifically binds the C-terminal regulatory domain of AphB and increases its activity. Interestingly, molecular docking predicts that BP-15 does not bind in the putative primary effector-binding pocket located at the interface of RD-I and RD-II as in other LTTRs, but rather at the dimerization interface. The information gained in this study helps us to further understand the mechanism by which transcriptional activation by AphB is regulated by suggesting that AphB has a secondary ligand binding site, as observed in other LTTRs. This study also lays the groundwork for the future design of inhibitory molecules to block the V. cholerae virulence cascade, thereby preventing the devastating symptoms of cholera infection.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00337

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00337

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.