4 years ago

Tailoring the Structure of 58-Electron Gold Nanoclusters: Au103S2(S-Nap)41 and Its Implications

Tailoring the Structure of 58-Electron Gold Nanoclusters: Au103S2(S-Nap)41 and Its Implications
Rongchao Jin, Tian-Yi Luo, Chong Liu, Tatsuya Higaki, Nathaniel L. Rosi, Meng Zhou
We report the synthesis and crystal structure determination of a gold nanocluster with 103 gold atoms protected by 2 sulfidos and 41 thiolates (i.e., 2-naphthalenethiolates, S-Nap), denoted as Au103S2(S-Nap)41. The crystallographic analysis reveals that the thiolate ligands on the nanocluster form local tetramers by intracluster interactions of C–H···π and π···π stacking. The herringbone pattern formation via intercluster interactions is also observed, which leads to a linearly connected zigzag pattern in the single crystal. The kernel of the nanocluster is a Marks decahedron of Au79, which is the same as the kernel of the previously reported Au102(pMBA)44 (pMBA = −SPh-p-COOH); this is a surprise given the much bulkier naphthalene-based ligand than pMBA, indicating the robustness of the decahedral structure as well as the 58-electron configuration. Despite the same kernel, the surface structure of Au103 is quite different from that of Au102, indicating the major role of ligands in constructing the surface structure. Other implications from Au103 and Au102 include (i) both nanoclusters show similar HOMO–LUMO gap energy (i.e., Eg ≈ 0.45 eV), indicating the kernel is decisive for Eg while the surface is less critical; and (ii) significant differences are observed in the excited-state lifetimes by transient absorption spectroscopy analysis, revealing the kernel-to-surface relaxation pathway of electron dynamics. Overall, this work demonstrates the ligand-effected modification of the gold–thiolate interface independent of the kernel structure, which in turn allows one to map out the respective roles of kernel and surface in determining the electronic and optical properties of the 58e nanoclusters.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b04678

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b04678

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.