A triple stranded G-quadruplex formation in the promoter region of human myosin β(Myh7) gene
Regulatory regions in human genome, enriched in guanine-rich DNA sequences have the propensity to fold into G-quadruplex structures. On exploring the genome for search of G-tracts, it was interesting to find that promoter of Human Myosin Gene (MYH7) contains a conserved 23-mer G-rich sequence (HM-23). Mutations in this gene are associated with familial cardiomyopathy. Enrichment of MYH7 gene in G-rich sequences could possibly play a critical role in its regulation. We used polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), UV-Thermal denaturation (UV-Tm) and Circular Dichroism (CD), to demonstrate the formation of a G-quadruplex by 23-mer G-rich sequence HM23 in promoter location of MYH7 gene. We observed that the wild G-rich sequence HM23 containing consecutive G5 stretch in two stacks adopt G-quadruplexes of diverse molecularity by involvement of four-strand, three-strand and two-strands with same parallel topology. Interestingly, the mutated sequence in the absence of continuous G5 stretch obstructs the formation of three-stranded G-quadruplex. We demonstrated that continuous G5 stretch is mandatory for the formation of a unique three-stranded G-quadruplex. Presence of various transcription factors (TF) in vicinity of the sequence HM23 leave fair possibility of recognition by TF binding sites, and so modulate gene expression. These findings may add on our understanding about the effect of base change in the formation of varied structural species in similar solution condition. This study may give insight about structural polymorphism arising due to recognition of non-Watson-Crick G-quadruplex structures by cellular proteins and designing structure specific molecules.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.