5 years ago

Human hemoglobin adsorption onto colloidal cerium oxide nanoparticles: a new model based on zeta potential and spectroscopy measurements

Mojtaba Falahati, Sheida Yousefi Mobasherat Jajroud, Farnoosh Attar, Ramazan Ali Khavari-Nejad

The nanoparticle (NP)-induced conformational changes of protein and NP agglomeration have gained a remarkable interest in medical and biotechnological fields. Herein, the effect of human hemoglobin (Hb) on the colloidal stability of cerium oxide NP (CNP) was investigated by dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta potential, and TEM analysis. In addition, the effect of CNP on the heme degradation and structural changes of Hb was studied using fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), and UV–visible (UV–vis) spectroscopic methods. DLS and TEM analysis showed that the presence of Hb can increase the mean diameter of CNP. Zeta potential measurements revealed that CNP demonstrated a higher charge distribution relative to CNP/Hb complex. Besides, fluorescence studies indicated that two fluorescent heme degradation products are revealed during the interaction of CNP with Hb. Near UV-CD spectroscopy also showed that the microenvironmental changes of heme groups occur after interaction of Hb with CNP. The result of thermal behavior of Hb confirmed the structural changes of protein, which referred to decrease in the Hb stability in the presence of CNP. Indeed, the finding related to structural and functional changes of Hb induced by CNP may be crucial to obtain information regarding the side effects of NPs. Finally, this data reveal much insight into the effects of the interaction on protein structural changes and NP agglomeration, and can correlate the zeta potential of NP-protein complexes with the nature of the principle NP-protein interaction.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07391102.2017.1371645

DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2017.1371645

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