5 years ago

Structural modulation of factor VIIa by full-length tissue factor (TF1-263): implication of novel interactions between EGF2 domain and TF

Prosenjit Sen, Ramesh Prasad

Tissue factor (TF)-mediated factor VII (FVII) activation and a subsequent proteolytic TF-FVIIa binary complex formation is the key step initiating the coagulation cascade, with implications in various homeostatic and pathologic scenarios. TF binding allosterically modifies zymogen-like free FVIIa to its highly catalytically active form. As a result of unresolved crystal structure of the full-length TF1-263-FVIIa binary complex and free FVIIa, allosteric alterations in FVIIa following its binding to full-length TF and the consequences of these on function are not entirely clear. The present study aims to map and identify structural alterations in FVIIa and TF resulting from full-length TF binding to FVIIa and the key events responsible for enhanced FVIIa activity in coagulation. We constructed the full-length TF1-263-FVIIa membrane bound complex using computational modeling and subjected it to molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. MD simulations showed that TF alters the structure of each domain of FVIIa and these combined alterations contribute to enhanced TF-FVIIa activity. Detailed, domain-wise investigation revealed several new non-covalent interactions between TF and FVIIa that were not found in the truncated soluble TF-FVIIa crystal structure. The structural modulation of each FVIIa domain imparted by TF indicated that both inter and intra-domain communication is crucial for allosteric modulation of FVIIa. Our results suggest that these newly formed interactions can provide additional stability to the protease domain and regulate its activity profile by governing catalytic triad (CT) orientation and localization. The unexplored newly formed interactions between EGF2 and TF provides a possible explanation for TF-induced allosteric activation of FVIIa.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07391102.2017.1289125

DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2017.1289125

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