5 years ago

Peroxidase improves the activity of catalase by preventing aggregation during TFE-induced denaturation

Md Tauqir Alam, Asim Rizvi, Mohammad Furkan, Aabgeena Naeem

Catalase, a ubiquitous enzyme of the free radical scavenging machinery unfolds and aggregates in the presence of 2,2,2-triflouroethanol (TFE). Catalase molecule aggregates at 50% TFE as evident by high thioflavin T fluorescence, shifted congo red absorbance, change in circular dichroism and soret spectra. TEM images confirmed the nature of catalase aggregates to be oligomers. Organic solvent-induced aggregation of catalase is prevented by the presence of peroxidase (another enzyme of the free radical scavenging machinery). To alter the progress of aggregation in presence of increasing concentration of TFE, we determined the effect of peroxidase on catalase oligomerization by several different techniques, including turbidity measurement, activity assay, thioflavin T fluorescence, circular dichroism, shift in congo red absorbance, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Rayleigh scattering, soret absorption spectra, and ANS fluorescence. The presence of peroxidase in the vicinity of folded catalase helps it to remain functionally active and inhibited aggregation in the presence of TFE, suggesting that proteins are stable in crowded environments. Moreover, this catalase-peroxidase interaction is biologically significant as it provides insights into how the aggregation process may be altered.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07391102.2017.1287007

DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2017.1287007

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