5 years ago

Limitations in electrophysiological model development and validation caused by differences between simulations and experimental protocols

Models of ion channel dynamics are usually built by fitting isolated cell experimental values of individual parameters while neglecting the interaction between them. Another shortcoming regards the estimation of ionic current conductances, which is often based on quantification of Action Potential (AP)-derived markers. Although this procedure reduces the uncertainty in the calculation of conductances, many studies evaluate electrophysiological AP-derived markers from single cell simulations, whereas experimental measurements are obtained from tissue preparations. In this work, we explore the limitations of these approaches to estimate ion channel dynamics and maximum current conductances and how they could be overcome by using multiscale simulations of experimental protocols. Four human ventricular cell models, namely ten Tusscher and Panfilov (2006), Grandi et al. (2010), O'Hara et al. (2011), and Carro et al. (2011), were used. Two problems involving scales from ion channels to tissue were investigated: 1) characterization of L-type calcium voltage-dependent inactivation I C a , L ; 2) identification of major ionic conductance contributors to steady-state AP markers, including A P D 90 , A P D 75 , A P D 50 , A P D 25 , T r i a n g u l a t i o n and maximal and minimal values of V and d V / d t during the AP ( V m a x , V m i n , d V / d t m a x , d V / d t m i n ). Our results show that: 1) I C a , L inactivation characteristics differed significantly when calculated from model equations and from simulations reproducing the experimental protocols. 2) Large differences were found in the ionic currents contributors to A P D 25 , T r i a n g u l a t i o n , V m a x , d V / d t m a x and d V / d t m i n between single cells and 1D-tissue. When proposing any new model formulation, or evaluating an existing model, consistency between simulated and experimental data should be verified considering all involved effects and scales.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S007961071630013X

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