3 years ago

Calcium release-dependent inactivation precedes formation of the tubular system in developing rat cardiac myocytes

Ivan Zahradník, Alexandra Zahradníková, Barbora Hoffmannová, Matej Hoťka, Katarina Macková

Abstract

Developing cardiac myocytes undergo substantial structural and functional changes transforming the mechanism of excitation–contraction coupling from the embryonic form, based on calcium influx through sarcolemmal DHPR calcium channels, to the adult form, relying on local calcium release through RYR calcium channels of sarcoplasmic reticulum stimulated by calcium influx. We characterized day-by-day the postnatal development of the structure of sarcolemma, using techniques of confocal fluorescence microscopy, and the development of the calcium current, measured by the whole-cell patch-clamp in isolated rat ventricular myocytes. We characterized the appearance and expansion of the t-tubule system and compared it with the appearance and progress of the calcium current inactivation induced by the release of calcium ions from sarcoplasmic reticulum as structural and functional measures of direct DHPR–RYR interaction. The release-dependent inactivation of calcium current preceded the development of the t-tubular system by several days, indicating formation of the first DHPR–RYR couplons at the surface sarcolemma and their later spreading close to contractile myofibrils with the growing t-tubules. Large variability of both of the measured parameters among individual myocytes indicates uneven maturation of myocytes within the growing myocardium.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00249-017-1249-z

DOI: 10.1007/s00249-017-1249-z

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