5 years ago

Effects of sodium tri- and hexameta-phosphate in vitro osteoblastic differentiation in Periodontal Ligament and Osteoblasts, and in vivo bone regeneration

The present study was designed to assess the effects and underlying mechanism of two poly(P) compounds, sodium triphosphate (STP, Na5P3O10) and sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP, Na15P13O40~Na20P18O40) on osteoblastic differentiation of human periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) and osteoblasts in vitro, and bone formation in vivo. Differentiation was assessed by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization, and mRNA expression for marker genes. To examine the osteogenic potential to regenerate bone, the critical-sized mouse calvarial defect model was utilized. Incubation of PDLCs and osteoblasts with STP and SHMP resulted in a dose- and time-dependent increase in growth, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization and mRNA expression for marker genes. STP and SHMP increased phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), Akt, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). Treatment with the mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin, attenuatted STP- and SHMP-induced osteoblastic differentiation. Micro-CT and histologic analysis showed that STP significantly increased new bone formation in calvarial defects, compared with SHMP and control group. Collectively, this is the first study to demonstrate that STP and SHMP promotes the osteoblastic differentiation in vitro, whereas STP only stimulated bone repair in vivo. Therefore, STP may be useful therapeutic approach for the regeneration of bone or periodontal tissue.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0301468115300694

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