3 years ago

An update on drug design strategies to prevent acquired sensorineural hearing loss

Daniel Bodmer

Introduction: Acute sensorineural hearing loss is a dramatic event for the patient. Different pathologies might result in acute sensorineural hearing loss, such as sudden hearing loss, exposure to medications/drugs or loud sound. Current therapeutic approaches include steroids and hyperbaric oxygen in addition to other methods. Research activities of the past have shed light on the molecular mechanisms involved in damage to hair cells, the synapses at the hair cell spiral ganglion junction and the stria vascularis. Molecular events and signaling pathways which underlie damage to these structures have been discovered.

Areas covered: This paper summarizes current research efforts involved in investigating the molecular mechanisms involved in acute sensorineural hearing loss.

Expert opinion: While progress has been made in unraveling basic mechanisms involved in acute sensorineural hearing loss, it is difficult to translate basic concepts to the clinic. There are often conflicting data in animal and human studies on the effect of a given intervention. There is also a lack of high quality clinical trials (double blind, placebo controlled and high powered). However, this author is confident that research efforts will pay out and that some of these efforts will translate into new therapeutic options for patients with acute hearing loss.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17460441.2017.1372744

DOI: 10.1080/17460441.2017.1372744

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