3 years ago

Substitution determination of Fmoc-substituted resins at different wavelengths

Substitution determination of Fmoc-substituted resins at different wavelengths
Thomas Meier, Günther Loidl, Dirk Bächle, Stefan Eissler, Markus Kley, Daniel Samson
In solid-phase peptide synthesis, the nominal batch size is calculated using the starting resin substitution and the mass of the starting resin. The starting resin substitution constitutes the basis for the calculation of a whole set of important process parameters, such as the number of amino acid derivative equivalents. For Fmoc-substituted resins, substitution determination is often performed by suspending the Fmoc-protected starting resin in 20% (v/v) piperidine in DMF to generate the dibenzofulvene–piperidine adduct that is quantified by ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy. The spectrometric measurement is performed at the maximum absorption wavelength of the dibenzofulvene–piperidine adduct, that is, at 301.0 nm. The recorded absorption value, the resin weight and the volume are entered into an equation derived from Lambert–Beer's law, together with the substance-specific molar absorption coefficient at 301.0 nm, in order to calculate the nominal substitution. To our knowledge, molar absorption coefficients between 7100 l mol−1 cm−1 and 8100 l mol−1 cm−1 have been reported for the dibenzofulvene–piperidine adduct at 301.0 nm. Depending on the applied value, the nominal batch size may differ up to 14%. In this publication, a determination of the molar absorption coefficients at 301.0 and 289.8 nm is reported. Furthermore, proof is given that by measuring the absorption at 289.8 nm the impact of wavelength accuracy is reduced. © 2017 The Authors Journal of Peptide Science published by European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Substitution determination of Fmoc-derivatized resins with 20% piperidine in DMF at 289.8 nm allows for high precision and robustness and limits the impact of wavelength accuracy on the results. The respective absorption coefficient and data underlining the robustness and reliability of the method are provided.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/psc.3021

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