5 years ago

Stimuli-Responsive “Cluster Bomb” for Programmed Tumor Therapy

Stimuli-Responsive “Cluster Bomb” for Programmed Tumor Therapy
Lei Rong, Qi Lei, Cheng-Hui Zhu, Shi-Bo Wang, Xian-Zheng Zhang, Jing-Jing Hu, Yi-Xiong Lin
In this paper, mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) and capped with tumor-homing/-penetrating peptide tLyP-1-modified tungsten disulfide quantum dots (WS2-HP) was designed and applied as a stimuli-responsive “Cluster Bomb” for high-performance tumor suppression. The peptide tLyP-1 on the surface can both facilitate the homing of DOX@MSN-WS2-HP to 4T1 tumor and greatly enhance the penetration of WS2-HP in tumor. The benzoic–imine bonds as the linkers between “bomblets” and “dispenser” are stable under normal physical conditions and quite labile at pH 6.8. After arriving at the mild acidic tumor microenvironment, the nanoplatform can rapidly break into two parts: (1) electropositive DOX@MSN-NH2 for efficient chemotherapy on surface tumor cells and (2) small-sized WS2-HP with improved tumor penetrating ability for near-infrared (NIR)-light-triggered photothermal therapy (PTT) among deep-seated tumor cells. Having killed the tumor cells in different depths, DOX@MSN-WS2-HP exhibited significant antitumor effect, which will find great potential in clinical trials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03088

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03088

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